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2017年中考英语必背的60个句型(含例句)
 发布:远大教育  2018-02-09 02:27:19  浏览273

中考必背的60个英语句型

1.as soon as  ….…..
  我一到那就给你打电话。
I'llcall you as soon as I arrive/ get to/ reach there.
  我刚旅行回来就见到了爷爷。
I sawgrandpa as soon as I came back from the trip.
  他一到家就开始下雨了。
Assoon as he got home, it began to rain.

2.as…as
 ….一样
  李平做作业不如Lucy细心,所以她老犯同样的错误。
LiPing doesn't do homework as carefully as Lucy, so she always makes/ keepsmaking the same mistake.
  我和他一样高。
Ii amas tall as him.
  他跑得不如你快。
Hedoesn't run as quickly as you.

3.as…aspossible 
 尽可能…..
  我会尽快给你打电话。
I willcall you as soon as possible.
  请尽早起床。
Pleaseget up as early as possible.
  学英语的最好方法是尽可能多听,多说。
Thebest way to learn English well is to listen and speak as much as possible.

4.asksb. for sth. 
 向某人要某物
  你可以向那边的警察求助。
Youcan ask the policeman for help.
  无论她要什么,父母都会为她找到。
Nomatter what she asks for, her parents will try to get it.
  他从不向父母要零花钱,是吗?
Henever asks pocket money from his parents, does he?

5. 6.ask/tell sb. (not)/ (how) to do sth. 
告诉某人(怎样)去做某事
  我父亲经常问我如何使用电脑。
Myfather often asks me how to use the computer.
  我妈妈让我不要太早去学校。
Mymother asked me not to go to school early.
  我们可以向物理老师问如何做这个实验。(experiment)
wecan ask our physics teacher how to do the experiment.

7.beafraid of doing/that 
 害怕做某事
  小女孩害怕独自在家。
Thelittle girl is afraid of staying at home alone.
  她害怕和陌生人说话。
Sheis afraid of talking to strangers.
  恐怕今天她来不了。
I'mafraid that she can't come today.

8.bebusy doing sth.   
 忙着做某事
  学生们正忙着准备期末考试。
Thestudents are busy preparing for the final exam.
  他每天忙于做化学题而不读英语,所以英语学得不好。
He'sbusy doing the chemistry exercises instead of English, so he doesn't learnEnglish well.
  我国体育健儿正忙于备战2008年北京奥运会。
TheChinese players are busy getting ready for the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games.

9.befamous/late/ready/sorry for…
而著名、干某事迟到。为准备,对某事感到抱歉
  她又上学迟到了。
Sheis late for school again.
  法国以它的美酒和佳肴闻名于世。
Franceis famous for its fine food and wine.
  我为今天晚上来晚了而感到抱歉。
I'msorry for I was late this evening.

10.beglad that 
很高兴….
  很高兴你能来。
I'mglad that you can come.
  我很高兴妈妈同意教我怎么做各种面食了。
I'mglad that mum has agreed to teach me how to make different kinds of pasta.
  我很高兴听说他通过了这次考试。
I'mhappy to hear that he has passed the exam.

11.buy/give/show/bring/lend/send/pass/tell…sth.to sb.
给某人买某物,给某人某物,给某人看某物,给某人带来某物,借给某人某物,递给某人某物,告诉某人某事。
  我会把这个消息告诉他的。
I'lltell the news to him.
  你能借给我手机给我妈打个电话吗?
Canyou lend your mobile phone to me? I'll call my mum.
  这是我最喜欢的裙子,除了你我谁也不借。
Thisis my favourite skirt. I won't lend it to anyone except you.

12.buy/give/show/bring/lend/send/pass/tellsb. sth.
  为什么不给他买本字典呢?他急需一本字典。
Whynot buy him a dictionary? He is in great need of it.
  这是你和我之间的秘密,不要告诉任何人。
It'sthe secret between you and me, don't tell anybody that.
  把这个玻璃杯递给他。
Pleasegive him the glass.

13.either…or
或者或者
  今天或明天来看他吧。
Cometo see him today or tomorrow.
  我妈妈或爸爸在平时做饭。
Eithermy mum or my dad cooks.
  不是Tom就是Jim在上海出差。
EitherTom or Jim is on business in Shanghai.

14.enjoy/hate/like/finish/stop/mind/keep/goon doing sth.

喜欢做某事,讨厌做某事,喜欢做某事,做完某事,停止做某事,介意做某事,一直做某事,继续做某事。
  现在学生们都喜欢以电话的方式进行交谈。
Thestudents like talking to each other by phone.
  这些数学题太难了,没有一个学生做完家庭作业。
Themath problem is too hard. None of the students has finished doing homework.
  我喜欢听音乐。
Ienjoy listening to music.

15.findit + adj to do sth. 
发现做某事….
  在现代社会越来越多人发现保持健康很重要。
Inmodern society more and more people find it important to keep healthy.
  我发现学习游泳很简单。
Ifind it easy to learn swimming.
  我发现解决这个难题很难。
Ifind it difficult to solve the problem.
16.get + 比较级  变得…../
  天气变得越来越冷,你最好多穿些衣服。
The weather gets colder and colder, you'd better wear moreclothes.
  事情变得越来越危险。
It's getting more and more dangerous.
  这里的空气变得越来越干净。
The air here is getting cleaner and cleaner.

17.get ready for/get sth. Ready 为某事做准备
  别打扰他,他正在为期末考试做准备。
Don't disturb him, he is getting ready for the final exam.
  你准备好迎接即将到来的足球赛了吗?
Did you get yourself ready for the coming football match?
  他们正在准备这个派对。
They are getting ready for the party/ getting the party ready.

18.had better (not) do sth. 最好(不)做某事
  你最好把收音机的声音关小点。你没看见妈妈正在睡觉吗?
You had better turn down the radio. Can't you see mum issleeping?
  我们在饭馆里最好保持安静。
We'd better keep quiet in a restaurant
  你最好不要吃太多快餐。
You'd better not eat too much fast food.

19.help sb. (to) do/help sb.with 帮助某事做某事
  她经常在妈妈不在家时帮妈妈照看小妹妹。
She always helps her mother look after her little sister whileher mother is away.
  我哥哥过去常常帮妈妈做家务。
My brother used to help Mum with the housework
  我经常帮同学们打扫卫生。
I often helped my classmates do the cleaning.

20.I don't think that我认为….
  我们把她送到海滩去吧。我想她不认识路。
Let's send her to the beach. I don't think she knows the way.
  我觉得在网上告诉一个陌生人家庭的事情不安全。
I don't think it is safe for us to tell a stranger of our familyonline.
  我向他不会讲俄语,否则它不会用德语在这个会议上发言。
I think he can't speak Russian, or he won't speak German at themeeting.

21.I would like to /Would you like to…? 我愿意…     你愿意吗?
  如果可能的话,你给我买条新的宠物狗好吗?我保证这次一定好好照顾它。
Would you like to buy me a new pet dog if possible? I promise totake good care of it this time.
  您能帮一下忙吗?
Would you like to do me a favor?
.我想和朋友们一起过春节。
I would like to be with my friends for the Spring Festival.

22.is one of the + 最高级 + n(pl.)… …..的之一
  我们都为姚明感到骄傲,因为他是世界上最好的篮球运动员之一。
We are all proud of Yao Ming because he is one of the bestbasketball players in the world.
  周杰伦是中国最流行的明星之一。
Jay Chou is one of the most popular stars in China.
  肯德鸡是全世界最火爆的快餐店之一
KFC is one of the hottest fast food restaurants in the world.

23.It is +adj. for sb. to do sth.    对于某人来说做某事如何
  对孩子们来说,在动物园里观看各种各样的动物是很有趣的,对吗?
It's very interesting for children to watch all kinds of animalsin the zoo, isn't it?
  对他来说三天看完这么厚的书是很难的。
It's difficult for him to finish reading such a thick bookwithin three days.
  在课上作笔记很有帮助。
It is helpful for us to take notes in class.

24.It is a good idea to do sth.   做某事是很好的主意
  如果你不喜欢匆匆忙忙的旅行,坐火车旅行真是个不错的主意。
It's a good idea to travel by train if you hate the rushed trip.
  圣诞前夜在家装饰一棵圣诞树是个不错的主意。
It's a good idea to decorate a Christmas tree at home on ChristmasEve.
  紧张的时候做一下深呼吸是一个不错的主意。
It's a good idea to take a deep breath when you are nervous.

25.It is the second + 最高级 +n.    是第二…..
  海南岛是中国第二大岛。
Hainan Island is the second largest island in China.
  黄河是中国第二长河。
The Yellow river is the second longest river in China.
  大阪是日本第二大城市
Osaka is the second largest city in Japan.

26.It looks like …/It sounds like … 看起来如何,听起来如何。
  别说了! 听声音那像是咱们老师。
Stop talking! Listen! That sounds like our teacher.
  你的包看起来就像是一只考拉熊。Koala
You bag looks like a koala.
  那看起来像盐实际上是糖.
That looks like salt but it's sugar instead.

27.It seems to sb. that…  在某人看来……
  在我看来,丽丽的英语是咱班最好的。
It seems to me that Lily's English is the best in our class.
  在我看来他像是一个很好相处的人。
It seems to me that he is a easygoing guy
  对我来说这辈子访问月球是可能的.
It seems to me that visiting the moon in my life is possible

28.It sounds +adj. /It looks +adj.(26)
  它看上去很漂亮,是用来做什么的?
It looks very nice. What is it used for?
  这个钟表看起来很可爱。
The clock looks lovely.
  听说小明期末考试不及格,真是太糟糕了。
It sounds terrible to get to know that he didn't pass the finalexam.

29.It takes sb some time. to do sth.  花费某人多长时间去干某事
  你能告诉我写这本书花了他多长时间吗?
Could you tell me how long it took him to finish writing thisgreat book?
  他们花了十二个小时才完成整个旅程。
It took them 12 hours to finish the journey.
  你们建这个三层楼的餐馆用了多长时间?
How long did it take to build the three-storey restaurant.

30.It's bad/good for…….有坏处,对….有好处
  花太多时间玩游戏对你的眼睛不好。
It's bad for your eyes to spend too much time playing computergames.
  摄入太多脂肪对你身体有害。
It's bad for you to eat too much fat.
  先锋队员那时从危险中逃离时非常不好的。
It's not good for the pioneers to escape from the danger thattime.

31.It's time for…/to do sth.   到了做某事的时间了

  春天到了,该种树了。

Spring hascome, it's time to plant trees.

  是我们听英语节目的时间了

It's time forus to listen to English programme.

  该上学了。

It's time togo to school./ It's time for school.

 

32.It's twometers (years) long (high, old). 有两米长(高),两年大

  这个游泳池长50m,20m,深2.5m

The swimmingpool is 50 metros long, 20 meters wide, two and a half meters deep.

  河里的冰有几百米厚。

The ice in theriver is several hundred thick.

  中国的历史有几千年那么久远。

For Chinesehistory, it's about thousands of years.

 

33.keep sb. Doing让某人一直做某事

  很抱歉让你在这儿等这么长时间。

I'm sorry tokeep you waiting for such a long time.

  那个军官让士兵们在太阳下站一个小时。

The officerkept the soldiers standing in the sun for an hour.

 

34.keep/makesth. +adj. 使….如何

  在图书馆请保持安静。

Please keepthe library quiet.

  这条消息使他们很难过

This piece ofnews made them very sad.

  不要乱丢垃圾,请保持地面清洁。

No littering,keep the floor clean.

 

35.like to do/ like doing   喜欢做某事

  小孩喜欢跨过草坪玩儿,李老师常阻止他们这样做。

Children likestepping into the grass to play, Mr. Li often stops them from doing that.

  我喜欢听轻音乐。

I enjoylistening to the light music.

  我喜欢在闲暇时做些东西来丰富(enrich)我的生活。

I like to makesomething in my spare time to enrich my life.

 

36.make / letsb.(not) do sth.  让某人做某事

  别着急,让我替你照看林涛。

Don't worry.Let me look after/ take care of Lin Tao for you.

  那时,她妈妈让她每周六都站在电影院门口卖花。

At that time,her mother made her sell flowers in front of the cinema

  他们让我们在雨中踢足球。

They make usplay football in the rain.

 

37.neither…nor  既不…..也不

  恶劣的天气和艰苦的条件都不能改变她在那里教书的想法。

Neither badweather nor the poor condition could change her mind to teach here.

JimTom都不打算开车去买菜。

Neither Jimnor Tom is going to buy vegetables by car.

  我父母和姐姐中午都不在家吃饭。

Neither myparents nor my sister has dinner at home.

 

38.not…at all  一点…..也不

  他们昨天赢了申花队,我一点也不觉得惊讶。

They beat theShen Hua Team yesterday, but I didn't feel surprised at all.

  他对从事的工作一点也不感兴趣。

He is notinterested in going in for research at all.

  如果父母对孩子一点也不严格(strict),孩子的成绩就会很快下降。

If parents arenot strict with their children at all, their marks will come down quickly.

 

39.not…until    直到….

  昨晚直到妈妈叫他去睡觉,杰克才停止玩电子游戏。

Jack didn't stopplaying the computer games until his mum asked him to go to bed.

  别担心,直到雨停了他才回来。

Don't worry,he won't be back until the rain stops.

  昨天晚上一直到12点我才睡着。

I didn't fallasleep until 12 o'clock.

 

40.One…theother…/Some… others…一个….另一个….,一些….另一些…..

  他们俩一个来自澳大利亚,一个来自德国。

He can notonly speak French but also speak fluent Germany

  假如你想爬山,有两种方式,一种是步行,一种是坐缆车(cablecar )上去。

If you want toget to the

top of theFragrant Hill, there are two ways. One is climbing up/ to climb to the top, theother is taking the cable car.

  放学后许多学生参加课外小组活动,一些打篮球、另一些与外教练习英语。

After school alot of students take part in some activities, some go to the computer group,some playbasketball, others practice English with the foreign teachers.

 

41.prefer…to  比起….更喜欢…..

  他喜欢坐火车旅行,而不是坐公共汽车。

He preferstraveling by train to traveling by bus.

  我喜欢网上购物,而不是商店购物。

I prefershopping on line to going shopping.

  我宁愿买新的,也不愿修它。

I preferbuying a new one to mending it.

 

42.see/hearsb. do(doing) sth.  看到(听到)某人在做某事

  我看见他用一块漂亮的布盖在桌子上。

I saw himcover the desk with a piece of beautiful cloth.

  当我们过桥的时候,我们看到一个男孩掉入河中。

When wecrossed the bridge, we saw a boy fall into the river.

  我听到有人大叫:着火了!

I heardsomeone shouting: "Fire!"

 

43.so…that  如此….以至于…..

  这个电影院太大了,没几个人能轻易找到入口处。

The cinema isso big that few can find the entrance to it easily.

  这本字典太厚了,这个一岁半的加拿大小孩拿不动它。

The dictionaryis so thick that the one and a half-year-old Canadian boy can't carry it.

  我爸爸住得太远,我们几乎看不到他。

My dad livesso far that we can hardly see him.

 

44.spend…on/(in) doing sth.  花费时间做某事

  我们每天花半小时听英语。

We spend halfan hour listening to English every day.

  她花很多时间冲浪。

She spent lotsof time surfing.

  她花很多钱买衣服。

She spent muchmoney on the clothes.

 

45.stop to do/stop doing  停下来去做某事,停止做某事

  这些美味的蛋糕也没能留住他。

Even thesedelicious cakes didn't stop him from leaving.

  请你停下来听我说好吗?

Would youplease stop to listen to me?

  别这么吵闹。

Stop making somuch noise.

46.such a +adj. +n. that… 如此….….以至于…..
  北京是如此美丽的一个地方,大多数人都认为它是一个旅游的好地方。
Beijing is such a beautiful place that most people think it's agood place to travel.
  这个电影太有趣了,我还想再看一遍。
It's such an interesting film that I want to see it again.
  他是一个勇敢的孩子,他父母为他感到骄傲。
He is such a brave boy that his parents are proud of him.

47.take/bring sth with sb. 某人随身携带某物
  别忘了下雨时带伞。
Don't forget to bring umbrella with you.
  珍妮认为旅游不好是因为她去参观的时候需要带好多东西。
Jenny doesn't think traveling is good because she needs to takea lot of things
with her when she is visiting the places.
  爱美明天要和同学们去野餐,她正准备明天要带去的许多蛋糕、水果、和三明治。
Amy is going to have a picnic with her classmates. She isgetting ready to take cakes, fruit and sandwiches with her.

48.thank sb for sth. 感谢某人做了某事
  他感谢他们为他打扫教室。
He thanks them for cleaning the classroom for him.
  谢谢你给我买了这么漂亮的花。
Thanks for buying so beautiful flowers for me.
  谢谢邀请我们。
Thank you for inviting us.

49.The 比较级,the 比较级    ….…..
  你现在学习越努力,你考试就考得越好。
The harder you work, the higher marks you'll get.
  我们的国家正变得越来越强大。
Our country is becoming stronger and stronger.
  我们相聚越多就越快乐。
The more we get together, the happier we'll be.

50.There is sth. wrong with… 某物出现故障(坏了)
  这个大而旧的闹钟有问题了,它不走了
There is sth wrong with the big old clock. It doesn't work.
  这台机器出毛病了.
There is sth wrong with the machine.
  他的自行车有毛病了,他不能再骑了。
There is sth wrong with his bike. He can't ride it any more.

51.too…to  而不能 
  我起床太晚了,没赶上早班车。
I got up too late to catch the early bus.
  这项工作太难,我独自做不了。
The work is too hard for me to do it alone.
  这个宾馆太贵了,我们支付不起。
The price of the restaurant is too high for us to afford it.

52.used to  过去常常做某事
  我过去常常和他一起去公园。
I used to go to park with him.
  这个病人曾经对他强壮的身体感到十分自豪。
The patient used to be proud of his strong body.
  我叔叔去年夏天在超市卖菜。
My uncle used to sell vegetables in the supermarket.

53.What about /How about…?  …… 怎么样
  许多乘客都已描述了那可怕的事故,你呢?
Many passengers have described the terrible accident, what aboutyou?
  去深海潜水怎么样?
What about diving deep into the sea?
  试一试怎么样?
What about having a try?

54.What's the matter with…? 某人(某物)怎么了?
  这个竞赛怎么回事?专家都去哪了?
What's the matter with the competition? Where has the expertgone?
  你看起来很着急,有什么事?
You look worried. What's the matter with you?
  李雷今天没来上学,他怎么了?
Li Lei didn't come to school today. What's the matter with him?

55.What's wrong…?  …..怎么了?
  那位女士问医生她的左眼怎么啦。
The lady asked the doctor what was wrong with her left eye.
  你怎么啦 _我头痛。
What's wrong with you? I've had a headache.

56.Why not…?  为什么不……
  为什么不把它的作业还给他呢?
Why not return/ give his homework back to him?
  为何Tom 不做点家务呢?
Why not Tom does a bit of housework?
  昨天晚上你为什么没去看电影?
Why not you go to see the film last night?

57.Will (would, could) you please…?  …..好吗?
  请你把奶酪递给我,好吗?
Will you please pass me the cheese?
  请你们保持教室的清洁整齐好吗?
Would you please keep our classroom clean and tidy?
  请你在英语方面帮助我好吗?
Would you please help me with my English?

58.both…and   …..…..…..
  林涛和李蕾都在图书馆。
Both Lin Tao and Li Lei are in the library.
  英语和数学都重要。
Both English and math are important.
  她喜欢她的父母。
She likes both her mum and dad.

59.not only…but also  不但…..而且……
  他会讲法语还会讲流利的英语。
He can speak not only French but also fluent English.
  他不仅是一位作家,还是一位发明家。
He is not only a writer, but also an inventor.
  如果你要把英文学好,你不仅要大量的阅读,还要坚持用英文和别人进行交谈。
If you want to learn English well, you should not only read alot, but also talk with others in English.

60.stop sb from doing  阻止某人做某事
  小孩喜欢跨过草坪玩儿,李老师常阻止他们这样做。
The children like to play across the grass. Ms Li often stopsthem from doing that.
  这些美味的蛋糕也没能留住他。
Even the delicious cake couldn't stop him from going away. 
  什么也挡不住我去广州。
Nothing can stop me from going to Guangzhou.

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